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Grainger & Allison's Diagnostic Radiology Essentials

Grainger & Allison's Diagnostic Radiology Essentials

9780702073113
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Opis

With up-to-date, easy-access coverage of every aspect of diagnostic radiology, Grainger and Allisons Diagnostic Radiology Essentials, 2nd Edition, is an ideal review and reference for radiologists in training and in practice. This comprehensive overview of fundamental information in the field prepares you for exams and answers the practical questions you encounter every day. In a single, convenient volume, this one-stop resource is derived from, and cross-referenced to, the renowned authoritative reference work Grainger & Allisons Diagnostic Radiology, 6th Edition.

Szczegóły produktu
Elsevier
60486
9780702073113
9780702073113

Opis

Rok wydania
2018
Numer wydania
2
Oprawa
twarda
Liczba stron
1034
Wymiary (mm)
215 x 276
Waga (g)
3820
  • CONTENTS

    Preface xi

    Dedication 1

    Acknowledgements 1

    1 Chest

    1.1 Chest wall and pleura 4

    Chest wall: bony and soft tissue lesions 4

    Diseases of the pleura 8

    Pleural effusion 12

    Pneumothorax 14

    Diaphragmatic hernia/eventration 16

    1.2 Mediastinum 18

    Mediastinitis 18

    Anterior mediastinal masses 20

    Middle mediastinal masses 26

    Posterior mediastinal masses 32

    Miscellaneous mediastinal masses 34

    Pericardial conditions 36

    1.3 Pulmonary infection 38

    Lobar pneumonia 38

    Bronchopneumonia, anaerobic and atypical pneumonia 40

    Pulmonary tuberculosis 42

    Fungal infections 44

    Metazoal and protozoal diseases 48

    Pulmonary complications of HIV infection 50

    1.4 Large airway disease 52

    Tracheal disorders 52

    Bronchiectasis 56

    Congenital airway disorders 58

    Emphysema 60

    Chronic bronchitis and asthma 62

    Miscellaneous airway disorders 64

    1.5 Pulmonary lobar collapse 66

    Mechanisms and radiographic appearances 66

    Patterns of lobar collapse 68

    1.6 Pulmonary neoplasms 72

    Evaluation of the solitary pulmonary nodule 72

    Lung cancer: radiological features 74

    Lung cancer: pearls 76

    Lymphoproliferative disorders 78

    Benign pulmonary tumours 80

    Miscellaneous pulmonary malignancies 82

    1.7 High-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) 84

    Hrct patterns of diffuse lung disease 84

    Idiopathic interstitial pneumonias 86

    Sarcoidosis 90

    Connective tissue diseases 92

    Systemic vasculitides 98

    Drug-Induced lung disease 100

    Silicosis/coal workers pneumoconiosis 102

    Asbestos-related disease 104

    Miscellaneous interstitial lung diseases 106

    1.8 Chest trauma 110

    Chest wall and lung trauma 110

    Trauma to the diaphragm 112

    Mediastinal trauma 114

    1.9 Airspace disease 116

    Airspace disease 116

    1.10 Paediatric chest 122

    Congenital chest abnormalities 122

    Causes of neonatal respiratory distress 128

    Normal paediatric chest and problems with mechanical ventilation 132

    1.11 Miscellaneous itu chest conditions 134

    Lung transplantation 134

    Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) 136

    Itu chest imaging 138

    2 Cardiovascular System 143

    2.1 Congenital heart disease (introduction) Introduction 144

    Cyanotic congenital heart disease 146

    Acyanotic congenital heart disease 156

    Anomalies of the aortic arch (vascular rings) 158

    Septal defects 160

    Acyanotic heart disease 162

    Other anomalies 164

    2.2 Non-ischaemic acquired heart disease 166

    Acquired mitral valve disease 166

    Acquired aortic valve disease 168

    Tricuspid and pulmonary valve disease 170

    Cardiomyopathies 174

    Cardiac tumours 178

    Cardiac trauma 180

    2.3 Pulmonary circulation and Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) and thromboembolism 182

    Pulmonary thromboembolic disease 182

    Pulmonary vascular patterns 186

    2.4 The aorta 192

    Aortic rupture 192

    Aortic dissection 194

    Aortic aneurysms 198

    Mid-aortic syndrome and takaysus disease of the

    aorta 202

    Aortic occlusive disease 204

    2.5 Peripheral vascular disease 210

    Gastrointestinal vascular disorders 210

    Carotid artery stenosis 212

    Peripheral vascular disease of the lower

    extremities 214

    Disorders of the venous system 216

    Miscellaneous vascular disorders 218

    2.6 Ischaemic heart disease 220

    Conventional coronary angiography and

    echocardiography 220

    Ct imaging in ischaemic heart disease 222

    Mr imaging in ischaemic heart disease 224

    Nuclear cardiac imaging 226

    Manifestations of atheromatous coronary artery

    disease 230

    3 Gastrointestinal 236

    3.1 Oesophagus 238

    Hiatus hernia and reflux 238

    Oesophagitis and benign strictures 240

    Benign and malignant oesophageal tumours 242

    Oesophageal carcinoma 244

    Oesophageal dysmotility disorders 248

    Miscellaneous oesophageal conditions 250

    3.2 Stomach 252

    Benign gastric ulcers 252

    Gastritis 254

    Benign and malignant gastric tumours 258

    Gastric carcinoma 260

    Gastric surgery 264

    Miscellaneous gastric conditions 266

    3.3 Duodenum 270

    Peptic ulceration, gastric heterotopia, duodenal

    diverticula 270

    Benign and malignant duodenal tumours 272

    Miscellaneous duodenal conditions 274

    3.4 Small bowel 276

    Crohns disease (CD) 276

    Infections/infestations of the small bowel 278

    Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) and

    carcinoid tumours 280

    Benign and malignant small bowel tumours 282

    Causes of small bowel obstruction 284

    Miscellaneous small bowel disorders 286

    3.5 Colon 292

    Ulcerative colitis and toxic megacolon 292

    Colitis 294

    Polyps 296

    Polyposis syndromes 298

    Colorectal cancer 300

    Diverticulosis and large bowel strictures 304

    Large bowel obstruction 306

    Miscellaneous disorders of the large bowel 308

    3.6 Liver 312

    Anatomy and imaging techniques 312

    Benign diffuse liver disease 314

    Cirrhosis 316

    Benign solid liver lesions 318

    Malignant solid liver lesions 326

    Hepatic vascular lesions 332

    Miscellaneous liver conditions 338

    Liver transplantation and interventional

    techniques 344

    Diffusion-weighted mr imaging of the liver 346

    Mr contrast agents and the liver 348

    3.7 Biliary 350

    Methods of investigation 350

    Cholelithiasis and choledocholithiasis 352

    Cholecystitis 354

    Miscellaneous gallbladder conditions 356

    Benign biliary strictures 358

    Malignant biliary tumours 360

    Biliary atresia and hypoplasia 362

    Miscellaneous bile duct disorders 364

    3.8 Pancreas 366

    Congenital abnormalities 366

    Pancreatitis 368

    Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma 372

    Cystic pancreatic tumours 374

    Endocrine and islet cell pancreatic tumours 376

    Pancreatic trauma, transplant and intervention 378

    3.9 Spleen 380

    Miscellaneous splenic conditions 380

    3.10 Peritoneum, mesentery and omentum 382

    Benign diseases 382

    Developmental anomalies of the mesentery 384

    Infective/inflammatory conditions of the

    mesentery 386

    Neoplastic peritoneal/omental disorders 388

    Neoplastic mesenteric disorders 390

    3.11 Plain abdominal radiograph 392

    Abnormal gas distribution 392

    3.12 Paediatric gastrointestinal disorders 394

    Abdominal wall defects 394

    Gastrointestinal causes of neonatal vomiting 396

    Oesophageal atresia (OA) and tracheo-oesophageal

    fistula (TOF) 398

    Malrotation 400

    Delayed passage of meconium 402

    Abdominal manifestations of cystic fibrosis 404

    Necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) 406

    Anorectal malformations 408

    Neuroblastoma (NB) 410

    Miscellaneous paediatric gastrointestinal

    disorders 412

    4 Genitourinary 415

    4.1 Kidneys 416

    Renal parenchymal disease 416

    Renal tract infection/inflammation 418

    Renal artery stenosis (RAS) 424

    Renal vascular abnormalities 426

    Benign renal masses 430

    Renal parenchymal malignancies 432

    Other malignancies 434

    Transitional cell carcinoma of the upper urinary

    tract 436

    Renal failure 438

    Renal transplantation: assessment 440

    Renal transplantation: postoperative

    complications 442

    Urolithiasis 444

    Methods of imaging in obstruction 446

    Dilatation of the urinary tract 448

    Upper urinary tract trauma 450

    4.2 Bladder 454

    Miscellaneous bladder conditions 454

    Bladder tumours 456

    Lower urinary tract trauma 458

    4.3 Prostate 460

    Prostate: benign disorders 460

    Carcinoma of the prostate 462

    Prostate anatomy and imaging 464

    4.4 Urethra 466

    Urethra: benign disorders 466

    Tumours of the urethra 468

    4.5 Male reproductive system 470

    Cryptorchidism and testicular torsion 470

    Primary testicular malignancies 472

    Miscellaneous scrotal lesions 474

    Miscellaneous penile conditions 476

    4.6 Paediatric genitourinary disorders 478

    Duplex kidney 478

    Congenital renal anomalies 480

    Congenital renal cystic disease 484

    Childhood renal malignancies 488

    Paediatric pelvic and scrotal malignancies 492

    5 Musculoskeletal System 494

    5.1 Skeletal trauma 496

    Introduction 496

    Assessment of cervical spine injuries 498

    Spinal injuries 500

    Shoulder injuries 506

    Upper extremity injuries 512

    Carpal bone injuries 514

    Wrist and hand injuries 518

    Pelvic injuries 520

    Hip injuries 522

    Avascular necrosis of the hip 526

    Knee and lower leg fractures 528

    Knee soft tissue injuries 532

    Ankle injuries 536

    Foot injuries 538

    5.2 Paediatric fractures 540

    Specific paediatric fractures 540

    Radiology of non-accidental injury 542

    Skeletal and brain injuries in non-accidental

    injury 544

    5.3 Soft tissue imaging 550

    Localized calcification and ossification 550

    Generalized soft tissue calcification 552

    Soft tissue masses 554

    5.4 General characteristics of bone tumours 558

    General characteristics of bone tumours 558

    5.5 Benign bone tumours 560

    Chondroid origin 560

    Osteoid origin 564

    Osteoid origin/tumours of neural tissue 566

    Cystic lesions 568

    Giant cell tumour/lipomatous bone lesions 570

    Fibrous origin 572

    Vascular origin 574

    Miscellaneous bone lesions 576

    5.6 Malignant bone tumours 580

    Chondroid origin 580

    Osteosarcoma 582

    Other varieties of osteosarcoma 584

    Fibrous origin 586

    Medullary origin 588

    Miscellaneous malignant bone tumours 590

    Bone metastases 592

    5.7 Metabolic and endocrine skeletal disease 594

    Osteoporosis 594

    Vitamin D deficiency 596

    Endocrine bone disorders 598

    Metabolic bone disorders 602

    5.8 Joint disease 610

    Introduction 610

    Osteoarthritis 612

    Haemophilic and neuropathic arthropathies 614

    Juvenile idiopathic arthritis and dish 616

    Rheumatoid arthritis 618

    Seronegative spondyloarthropathy 620

    Depositional arthropathy 624

    Polyarthritis associated with other diseases 630

    5.9 Bone and soft tissue infection 636

    Acute osteomyelitis 636

    Chronic osteomyelitis 638

    Miscellaneous bone and soft tissue infections 642

    5.10 Congenital skeletal anomalies 646

    Developmental skeletal anomalies 646

    Selected osteochondrodysplasias 648

    Localized disorders of the skeleton 658

    Haemoglobinopathies 662

    5.11 Myeloproliferative disorders 666

    Reticuloendothelial disorders 666

    White cell disorders 668

    Plasma cell dyscrasias 670

    6 Womens Imaging 675

    6.1 Breast 676

    Introduction 676

    Benign mass lesions 678

    Microcalcifications 682

    Invasive breast carcinoma 684

    Contrast-enhanced MRI in breast cancer 688

    6.2 Gynaecology 690

    Imaging techniques in gynaecology 690

    Congenital anomalies of the female genital tract 692

    Benign uterine conditions 694

    Endometrial carcinoma 698

    Carcinoma of the cervix 700

    Benign ovarian tumours 702

    Endometriosis, polycystic ovaries and physiological

    ovarian cysts 704

    Ovarian carcinoma 706

    Miscellaneous gynaecological conditions 710

    7 Neuroradiology 714

    7.1 Intracranial tumours 716

    Imaging techniques and general features 716

    Classification of intracranial tumours 718

    Gliomas 720

    Infratentorial tumours 724

    Supratentorial tumours 730

    Extra-axial tumours 732

    Meningioma and skull base tumours 734

    Cerebral and meningeal metastases 736

    Intraventricular tumours 738

    Pituitary region tumours 740

    Pineal region tumours 744

    7.2 Cerebrovascular disease and non-traumatic

    haemorrhage 746

    Cerebral ischaemia 746

    Other patterns of cerebrovascular disease 750

    Carotid and vertebral artery dissection 754

    Non-traumatic intracranial haemorrhage 756

    Cerebral artery aneurysms 758

    Arteriovenous malformations 760

    7.3 Brain infection, aids and demyelinating

    diseases 762

    Intracranial infection 762

    Hiv infection and aids 768

    Demyelinating and inflammatory disorders 772

    7.4 Brain trauma, degenerative disorders and

    epilepsy 776

    Head injury 776

    Primary and secondary cerebral injury 778

    Dementias and epilepsy 780

    Skull bone disease 782

    Hydrocephalus 784

    7.5 Paediatric neuroradiology 786

    Cerebellar malformations 786

    Chiari malformations 788

    Cerebral malformations 790

    Malformations of neuronal migration and cortical

    organization 792

    Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF-1) 794

    Neurocutaneous syndromes 796

    Inborn metabolic brain disorders 798

    Congenital skull anomalies 800

    Congenital intracranial infections 802

    Paediatric meningitis 804

    Hypoxic-Ischaemic injury in the developing brain 806

    7.6 The spine 808

    Spinal dysraphism 808

    Congenital spinal anomalies 810

    Skeletal abnormalities 816

    Vascular spinal lesions 818

    Spinal tumours 820

    Spinal infection 830

    Infective/inflammatory disorders of the spine 832

    Spinal cord trauma and the postoperative spine 834

    Degenerative spinal disease 836

    7.7 The orbit 842

    The orbit 842

    Conal and extraconal disorders 846

    Intraconal disorders 848

    7.8 Ear, nose and throat radiology 856

    Selected disorders of the ear 856

    Nose and paranasal sinuses 858

    The nasopharynx 860

    Disorders of the oropharynx, larynx and soft tissues of

    the neck 862

    7.9 Dental radiology 864

    Mandibular/maxillary cystic lesions 864

    Tumours of bone 866

    Facial trauma 868

    Salivary glands 870

    Salivary gland disorders 872

    8 Endocrine System 875

    8.1 Thyroid disorders 876

    Thyroid cancer 876

    Miscellaneous thyroid disorders 880

    8.2 Adrenal disorders 882

    Non-functional adrenal disorders 882

    Adrenal hyperfunction 888

    9 Lymphoma 893

    9 Lymphoma 894

    Lymphoma 894

    Lymph node disease in lymphoma 898

    Cns lymphoma 900

    Pulmonary lymphoma 902

    Lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract 904

    Musculoskeletal lymphoma 906

    Extranodal manifestations of lymphoma 908

    Extranodal manifestations of lymphoma 910

    Monitoring the response to therapy in lymphoma 912

    10 Functional Imaging 915

    10.1 Diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) 917

    10.2 Functional imaging 918

    11 Interventional Radiology 925

    11.1 Interventional vascular radiology

    techniques 926

    11.2 Cross-sectional vascular imaging 930

    11.3 Specific drainage techniques 931

    11.4 Principles of tumour ablation 932

    11.5 Hepatobiliary intervention 936

    11.6 Genitourinary interventional radiology 940

    11.7 Womans imaging - interventional

    radiology 944

    Obstetric haemorrhage 946

    12 Appendices 949

    12.1 General pearls 950

    12.2 Anatomy pearls 958

    12.3 Pearls in musculoskeletal imaging and

    pathology 962

    Pearls in pathology 962

    Pearls in musculoskeletal imaging 964

    12.4 Patterns of tumour spread 968

    12.5 Tnm staging of common cancers 974

    Index 991

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